The global marine ecosystem is an integral part of the earth’s biogeochemical cycles, which are coupled to and influence the climate through feedback processes. A myriad of physical, chemical, biological and ecological processes make up the complexity of the marine ecosystem, and many of these processes are not clearly understood. With the advent of satellite ocean colour technology, it has become possible to routinely survey and monitor the ocean, leading to an improved understanding of ocean ecosystem dynamics, for example, in global marine phytoplankton biomass and net primary production which are relevant to fisheries and tourism.
The Global Marine Ecosystem Monitoring (GMEM) Community Activity will propose a complete framework for monitoring and understanding the global marine ecosystem. It is based on innovative plans for satellite oceanic lidar that are beginning to be implemented in China and the United States. New lidar techniques will supplement traditional satellite ocean colour measurement, greatly enhancing the ability to monitor the global marine ecosystem.
The framework focuses on an advanced data collection technique, a comprehensive data service platform, an active scientific community, directed to several important science questions and social problems. The main objectives of GMEM are:
Objective 1: Revolutionize traditional satellite ocean colour measurement by introducing the space-borne active optical remote sensing;
Objective 2: Establish a comprehensive data service platform to provide effective information of marine ecosystem;
Objective 3: Build an active community to facilitate cooperation and exchange in ocean science and engineering;
Objective 4: Focus on and explain several major scientific questions, e.g. global marine phytoplankton biomass and net primary production evaluation, and increase the societal outputs of fisheries and tourism.
To achieve the above objectives, GMEM activities will be organized into four major components: 1) new remote sensing technology development, 2) data services, 3) cooperation building and advocacy, 4) scientific applications and social outputs:
Expected sources (cash and in-kind) include CNY 500 000/year support from the Ministry of Education of China and CNY 5 000 000 from the National Natural Science Foundation of China.
Dong Liu (China/Zhejiang University), email@example.com
Members: Brazil, Canada, China, France, United Kingdom, United States.
Leadership & Contributors (this list is being populated)