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GEO 2017-2019 Work Programme


Climate Change Impact Observation On Africa’s Coastal Zones (GEO-CCIOoACZ)

Activity ID: 109


Africa has the longest coastal zone over the globe with high density of population and livelihoods. Like other coastal zones across the world, Africa’s coastal zones hold great potentials for socio-economic development of the continent as well as repository of rich biodiversity. However, the impact of climate change has greatly reduced the potentials of Africa’s coastal zones, a situation that is exacerbated by lack of adequate funding and capacity to collect, analyze, manage, and share relevant information on climate change impacts on Africa’s coastal zones.

Therefore, the main objective of the proposed GEO Climate Change Impact Observation on Africa’s Coastal Zones (GEO-CCIOACZ) Initiative is to strengthen the continent’s existing capacity to collect, analyze, manage, and share up-to-date and high resolution information on climate change impacts in Africa’s coastal zones in order to develop mitigation and adaptation measures as well as resilience. This main objective is further elaborated as to:

  • Produce and share up-to-date and high resolution Climate change information on the coastal zones of Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa, as a pilot for ultimately producing this information for the whole continent;
  • Implement an operational EO system for coastal zone management in Africa;
  • Training and capacity development on “Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation”;
  • Provide Climate change Information services to end-users at the different levels (i.e. policy and decision makers, stakeholders and local communities).

This Initiative will build on the existing and other activities in Africa including the African Monitoring of the Environment for Sustainable Development (AMESD) and Monitoring for Environment and Security in Africa (MESA) projects. These two projects are using EO for environment and other services in sub-Saharan African Countries. However, the facilities and infrastructures and services will be at a point integrated with the results from this Initiative. Other integration and synergy will be with the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) that is working on a global scale of oceanography and marine environment.

The successful execution of "Climate Change Impact Observation on Africa’s Coastal Zones - GEO-CCIOACZ" will not only strengthen the development, accessibility, and utilization of up-to-date and high resolution climate change data by various end-users and policy/decision-makers in African countries, but will also provide significant additional contribution to the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS).

Activities for the period

  • Each participating country group will collect, analyze, and manage relevant information on climate change impacts on its coastal zone using combination of remote sensing and ground based observations;
  • Data to be collected include: local sea level and temperature changes, flood hazards inventory, water quality/pollution impacts, shoreline erosion, impacts on socio-economic activities, mitigation and adaptation measures;
  • Implement a data sharing policy between African countries and develop an integrated system for coastal zone management for Africa utilizing data from the four countries;
  • Develop an operational services for EO for coastal zone management;
  • Develop scenarios for climate change implications on the coastal zone of Africa;
  • Develop postgraduate courses on “Climate Change – Mitigation and Adaptation”, to produce adequate middle level researchers on climate change;
  • Supplementary specialist training on regional climate modeling (downscaling) for climate modelers.
  • Establish African Regional Centres on Climate Change (ARCCC) in the four participating countries.

User engagement

  • Short courses will be developed to target end users of climate change information, policy/decision makers, community reps and NGOs;
  • ARCCC to establish link with various end-users through workshops, seminars & focused group discussions.

Future plans

This proposed Initiative will involve for the time being four African countries, namely, Egypt, Nigeria, Kenya and South Africa; however it is anticipated to engage all African Counties. The choice of these countries was influenced by need to; (i) cover the different coastal regions in Africa (North, West, East & Southern Africa), (ii) involve countries that have relatively well established remote sensing facilities/institutions and (iii) involve countries that have already established strong collaboration/cooperation between their researchers.


A dedicated budget from the participating countries will be reserved for the initial implementation of this Initiative. This will be in a form of in-kind budget that will be estimated and agreed upon from the partners on the kick off meeting. Other in-kind finance will be organized in the form of seconded staff to work on the implementation of the Initiative as well as using the resources for data collection, analysis and dissemination. Additionally, the partners will put seed money to start the Initiative and agreed to mobilize fund from national, regional and international funding agencies to ensure sustainable implementation and operation of the Initiative.

The partners will contribute by in-kind of the following essential components:

  • Data: Egypt will contribute by the archive of Egyptsat 1; Nigeria will contribute by the data from Nigeriasat 1 & 2; South Africa will contribute by the archive of Sumbandilasat data. Other sources of EO data from other international satellites that are received by the African receiving stations however, this will based on the legal agreements;
  • Processing: The partners will use their own resources of computing facilities to process the data and disseminate the information among the stakeholders.



Members: Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, USA.

Participating Organizations: RCMRD.

Linkages across the Work Programme

Flagships: GEO BON (MBON).

Initiatives: AfriGEOSS; Oceans and Society: Blue Planet.

Leadership & Contributors (this list is being populated)




Implementing Entity



Mahmoud Ahmed